towns in nigeria where land reclamation is common

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Centralization: these are lands that are regarded as focal points as a result of their economic value. Presently buildings have been erected on the site, which are occupied by some people. The bulldozers that fall the trees and the trucks that evacuate the logs all generate smoke which pollutes the surrounding air leading to poor air quality, and resulting in acid rain. Agricultural activities such as rice paddies and aquaculture are embarked upon in swampy coastal locations [14]. Abuja, a planned city in the centre of the country, has been the official capital of Nigeria since 1991, although some government offices remain in Lagos, the former capital. However, their predicament began when a company known as Nigerian Westminster Dredging and Marine Limited commenced sand filling project at Lagos Lagoon, at the foot of Third Mainland Bridge at Oworonshoki. Land reclamation has been a common practice to produce valuable land in coastal areas. Land reclamation is a common problem in the cities. They gradually occupy the area through seedling recruitment process. Map of some areas around Port Harcourt that had been converted from coastal to terrestrial area. Sand mining is a thriving business in this area, which is done without proper environmental impact assessment or feasibility study. This could lead to the death of soil dwelling organisms. Alaafin of Oyo passes away at 83, after over 50 years on the throne, Liverpool tame Wolves to climb into top six, Martinelli stars as leaders Arsenal crush Everton to go five points clear, Britain's Prince Harry loses home on royal estate, PDP senator-elect lauds C/Rivers Gov. The Copernicus Sentinel-1 mission takes us over part of the Dutch province of Flevolandthe newest province in the Netherlands and one of the largest land reclamation projects in the world. This situation affects the fish survival and population. 3:02 am. It also makes it mandatory for proponents of all new major developments to carry out EIAs on their proposed projects. For instance, oil field that is established in mangrove swamp. In a preliminary study conducted in the sand dredged area, soil samples were collected for physico-chemical analysis at three sites (T1, T2 and T3) from the back of the sand filled area to the entrance of the sand fill area (Figure 8). In alphabetical order, the states are as follows: Abia, Adamawa, Akwa Ibom, Anambra, Bauchi, Bayelsa, Benue, Borno, Cross River, Delta, Ebonyi, Edo, Ekiti, Enugu, Gombe, Imo, Jigawa, Kaduna, Kano, Katsina, Kebbi, Kogi, Kwara, Lagos, Nasarawa, Niger, Ogun, Ondo, Osun, Oyo, Plateau, Rivers, Sokoto, Taraba, Yobe, Zamfara. Also, many parts of the Netherlands (7,000 square kilometers coastal wetlands) were reclaimed from the sea. Thus mangroves are natural land reclaimers. Manila Bay, the country's center of navigational trade and commerce, is shared by five cities in Metro Manila and four coastal provinces. The marine coastal ecosystem is made up of different zones. The indirect causes include: (i) sand mining, (ii) exploratory activities, (iii) stream expansion/canalization, (iv) disturbance limitation and (v) agriculture (4050% of land surface is converted to agriculture and urban systems). Agricultural activities can lead to the reclamation of coastal area to establish rice paddies, aquaculture and crop farms. 86 of 1992, which guides such projects. However, there are other types of land reclamation, depending on the type of fill material, topography of the seabed and the type of equipment available. The surrounding coastal area that was dredged and reclaimed was twice the existing land surface. Map of Niger Delta Nigeria (circled) bordering the Atlantic Ocean has the biggest mangrove forests in Africa. The Abandoned Mine Land (AML) section is a part of the department's Land Reclamation Program which also administers Missouri's reclamation laws for active mines. On the Eko Atlantic project, the Managing Director of South Energyx Ltd., David Frame said that the project has been fortified with a wall known as The Great Wall of Lagos, adding that the wall has the capability to ward off flood storms in hundreds/thousand years. At about 345 people per square mile, it is also the most densely populated country in Africa. Presence of sediments leads to the gradual formation of terrestrial areas, which becomes the habitat for plants. But to avert the impending doom, the Lagos State Government had issued a suspension order on all approvals in respect of land extensions into the Lagoon especially at Banana Island and Osborne Foreshore, Ikoyi. But ecology sees farther ahead.. The deadline for the reclamation activity is 2022. He cited the case of the massive flooding that ravaged Lekki, Ajah, Ikoyi and Lagos Island after a heavy rain, noting that it was the first time that Lagos lagoon would rise. So, some observers are of the view that the recent flooding that are now common in these areas are not unconnected to the ongoing massive land reclamation. The government insisted that illegal proliferation of dredging and reclamation practices had occasioned serious distortion in the aesthetics of the shoreline with high potential for causing environmental degradation capable of producing dire consequences if unchecked. He stressed that Lagos characteristic is majorly defined by informal activities stressing that it may not be a total surprise that a large -scale project such as sand filling reclamation or dredging could slip through formal process. Population increase has led to the migration of people towards the coastal locations. Historically, reclamation meant irrigation projects that brought wetlands and deserts (considered useless wastelands) into agricultural production. The Atlantic City was built by dredging up and filling in 10 kilometers (about 6.2 miles) worth of land. Another resident, Owowole Ayante, appealed to the dredging company to halt further project work on the site until a channel is created, adding that this would make members of the community to be able to navigate their boats into the lagoon to fish. It also deepens the sea bed, which affects the water level. Concrete bases are constructed on this platform to carry the pipes from the drilling point, which may be at an off-shore or on-shore site to the refinery. Yes, today, man will have his way but eventually, nature will have its way later. Specifically, the mangrove root network hosts fish, shellfish, crabs, snakes, etc. You set a kind of disequilibrium in the environment. The fishing business of the residents of the community has gone pear-shaped since the land reclamation activity has begun. This situation had precipitated the uncontrolled reclamation of coastal lands [4]. By Jason Gordon, Adam S. Willcox, A.E. This could lead to the reduction in species composition and diversity of aquatic resources. Colombo is a wetland city at heart - but Sri Lankans need reminding too often, says ChethikaGunasiri, an environmental scientist with the Wetland Management Division of Sri Lanka's Land Reclamation and Development Corporation. (A) Graph of species population along sampling points (T1, T2 and T3) indicates a decrease in number of species from point T1 (high nutrient content) to point T3 (low nutrient content); and (B) graph of concentration of physico-chemicals along within sites T1, T2 and T3. This is because their adventitious root system traps sediments during tidal flow, and accumulate it over a long period of time. Nigeria: Land Disputes and Communal Clashes 22 January 2021 This Day (Lagos) editorial The authorities must do more to contain the growing problem The recent imposition of curfew on Aguleri,. The white patch indicates the sand filled area while the green patches indicates mangrove forest that is still standing. Loss of trees leads to increased soil erosion and increased sedimentation of river. Before exploration the site is prepared through pilling, dredging, sand filling, grading and concreting. Sand mines are often abandoned after some years of operation. Luloff, James C. Finley and Donald G. Hodges. The reclamation land which is in two phases is located on a reclaimed land of over 100 hectares. People participation is very important in landscape reclamation because it would provide a consensus view on land use to the host community [19]. Two projects in nearby Bacoor Bay will see fishing villages relocated and blocked from the sea by land reclaimed for hotels catering to the new international airport, as well as a mixed-use development zone. Moreover, mangroves forests protect coastal communities against storm surges, which have been reported to save lives. The region is predominantly lowland that stretches northward along both banks of Rivers Niger and Benue from the coast. We provide you with the latest breaking news. Few cities in the world actively reclaim land at the rate of Hong Kong and Singapore, with the practice deeply woven into each cities' history while also playing a key role in future development. This is because of land expansion activities such as urban development. These areas are naturally covered with water during high tides, but are filled with soil and consolidated to prevent tidal flooding during high tide. The soil chemistry is also affected by the manures and fertilizers that come from the farm and the waste from fish ponds. Therefore, the best option is to remediate it so that it will carry out its ecological functions even if it results to another landform. According to him, artificial land reclamation activities have been an age-long war between man and nature, noting that Lagos state government needs to get things right and be careful as the exercise could lead to disastrous consequence. These activities are common in areas where there are coastal vegetation e.g. Like other Atlantic Cities in some parts of the world, Eko Atlantic is constructed to be a citadel of infrastructural development because it is designed to create over 250,000 new jobs and address housing deficit. The crude oil resource is mainly present in the Niger Delta region of Nigeria, which is the centripetal force on which the nations economy revolves [3]. Home > The swamps are scooped away or reinforced with sand and concrete in other to produce a hard surface on which to construct foundations of buildings. Growth may also be facilitated by the absorption of soil nutrients embedded in the first layer of soil brought in by tides. Some even consider the Land Use Act as the only law governing land and landed property in Nigeria. Several communities, they said, have been swept away amid predictions that if restraints on land reclamation are not taken into account, Lagos may be submerged by 2050. Two major activities that devastate coastal areas are sand mining and off-shore dredging. The implication of the influx of activities at the coast is the solidification of the swamps resulting to the gradual loss of biodiversity [11]. The second example is another site known as Borikiri in the outskirts of Port Harcourt, the capital city of Rivers State. It is also referred to as the process of improving lands to make them suitable for more intensive use. Largest cities in Nigeria in 2022 (in 1,000 individuals) Number of inhabitants in thousands Lagos Kano Ibadan Port Harcourt Benin City Kaduna Abuja Maiduguri Zaria Aba Jos Ilorin Oyo Enugu. However, many land reclamation activities are not development-centered, but business-centered. Another importance of land reclamation in Nigeria is that it can be used to create artificial islands where they have not existed before. This is because such activities lead to the clearing of the mangrove forest and other coastal vegetation. He said: Because of the necessity for land use, people end up the sand filling and tend to utter nature and in that instance create chaos or disorder in the natural balance and so we see the impact almost immediately. Every citizen of Nigeria is empowered to acquire and own immovable property anywhere in Nigeria. This could lead to permanent loss of mangroves or other plant species of economic/medicinal importance and habitat for marine organisms and wildlife and their emigration to unaffected areas, thereby upsetting the ecological balance. This occurs during off-shore drilling in mangrove swamps. Re: List Of Igbo Towns In Nigeria. Land reclamation impact the coastal environment in several ways (Table 1). Water can be drained from shallow areas, or the bed raised, making the land available for development. Local sand mining is done manually by the digging of sand from the bottom of the river during low tide and conveyed ashore in hand dug canoes. Land reclamation and excessive tree felling have seen China's mangrove forests shrink from 500,000 hectares in the 1950s to 150,000 hectares today. Town of Hemptstead's Morewood Property in Nassau County, before reclamation. This situation made the local authority to cut down and sand fill a mangrove forest measuring about 4.2 million m2 in 1984 (Figure 2). Israeli police clashed Wednesday with protesters rallying against the government's judicial reform programme which critics say threatens democracy, as lawmakers held a preliminary vote on the latest controversial bill. Industry experts are also concerned with the level of compliance with existing Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) Act No. Morewood Property after reclamation, now a golf course. Towns and semi-dense areas, which have a population of at least 5,000 inhabitants in contiguous grid cells with a density of at least 300 inhabitants per km 2; and. Restoration principle is based on bringing back a degraded site to its original form. Ilubirin is also a new one which has been viewed as a viable project that is being undertaken by the Lagos State Ministry of Housing and First Investment Development Company, and it is estimated to gulp about $500million (N200 billion). It is crucial to the environment's welfare both now and in the future. Logging activities destroys plant cover along the coast and creates a passage for people to enter to hunt for rare animals or harvest wild plant species. The area can be strictly protected against further anthropogenic activities to allow for evolutionary forces to change the restored environment. The provisions of the EIA Act No. sea-side resort, roads, houses, light poles and shopping malls. The conversion of a coastal area to a terrestrial area via developmental projects is a human-mediated succession. Gracefield Island is another new joint project between the Lagos state government and Gravitas Investment Limited and it is expected to cover 100 hectares of land of the Lagos lagoon at the Northern end of the Chevron Way and the Northern Offshore of the Ajiran Land. 2002 NYS Reclamation award . During clearing heavy machinery fell trees. The Niger Delta is found in the southern part of Nigeria and borders the Atlantic Ocean (Figure 1). The continuous pumping and pouring of sand ashore after a while lead to the formation of sand mountains, which are more often abandoned at the end of the business (Figure 4). Shrimp farming in particular has resulted to the conversion of large areas of mangroves. This is because of land expansion activities such as urban development. With . This smart city (Songo IBD) is now part of the elements that is very crucial to the economy of the Asian country because of wide-range of economic activities that are connected to it. This includes zooplankton, phytoplankton, benthic organisms and fisheries. This is because of land expansion activities such as urban development. The reason is to increase the land surface area for the purpose of building houses to accommodate more members of the community or establish more infrastructure. Anthropogenic activities around the coast is detrimental to its sustainability because of the addition of pollutants and contaminants [5]. Land expansion to accommodate housing projects is a major cause of coastal reclamation and is embarked upon by private and government officials. This system is usually used when the sea bed is shallow. Lagos - 8,048,430 Lagos is one of earth's largest urban areas. Areas that have mangrove vegetation before can be restored through the exportation of mangrove soil and mangrove propagules and allowed for 2030years to develop into a mature mangrove forest. Open Access is an initiative that aims to make scientific research freely available to all. Segregation: this is when units or communities cluster together based on homogeneity of ideals or goals. It is often considered in places that are densely populated and flat land is scarce. In 2013, rainfed agriculture accounted for 380,000 sq km in Nigeria, covering over 40 percent of its national territory . Surrounding areas of the swamps are usually dredged and sand-filled to enable it to support the mounting of crude oil well head and the laying of pipelines (Figure 5). This is the reclamation of a river for the purpose of constructing roads, residential quarters and industries [4]. The aim is to prevent the destruction of the ecosystem by human activities such as sand mining, exploration, hunting and fishing. The restoration of tidal force, edaphic factors and climatic effect will encourage natural recruitment of seedlings. Artificial islands are an example of land reclamation. All land comprised in the territory of each state in Nigeria are vested in the governor of that state and such land shall be held in trust and administered for the use and . It is the responsibility of the Government to protect the land against illegal landscape reclamations. Land reclamation, usually known as reclamation, and also known as land fill (not to be confused with a waste landfill ), is the process of creating new land from oceans, seas, riverbeds or lake beds. Lending his voice on the matter, an environmentalist, Osawe Irabors view differs from those of Nwilo, Faniran and Afegbua. These phases include: (i) deforestation of mangrove forest (ii) consolidation of swamp with bulldozers, (iii) pumping of white sand from the sea bottom unto shore, (iv) sand filling of reclaimed land, and (v) construction activity e.g. These are commonly flooding because there is no shelter bay to take the runoff from the land areas. For indigenous vacations in Nigeria, Calabar is often the first location that comes to mind, hence why it's among the most beautiful cities in Nigeria. The water channel has to be set up to facilitate interconnectivity. Land reclamation in the Niger Delta passes through five phases, which in all ramifications affect the environment. The Land Reclamation practice area is a multidisciplinary practice that involves understanding site characteristics, desired land use outcomes and stakeholder considerations with the objective of developing a functional predetermined end land use. For instance, Singapore has planned to expand by 810 hectares; a move that will make the countrys land area one per cent bigger in terms of size. This is a situation where rivers near ports are expanded to accommodate large ocean going ships. Developmental activities are carried out in them through collaboration between Lagos state government and private developers. On its right is the popular Isale Eko, an. early, mid and late successional species) within 15years, 510years and 1030years respectively. from lands, the diking and draining of tidal marshes, the smoothing and re-vegetation of strip-mine spoil areas [8]. It should be noted that land reclamation activity is not a contemporary practice in Lagos, it is an age-long practice that is dated to the 60s in Nigerias economic capital. A field observation made indicates that seeds at the end of the sand filled area had better growth than seeds at the mouth of the entrance of the balkanized sand. By Jason Gordon, Adam S. Willcox, A.E. The impact of land reclamation on coastal environment and marine ecology is well recognized and widely studied. Reclamation is done without proper environmental impact assessment. The latest reclamation project Lantau Tomorrow Vision, for example, is an ambitious plan to reclaim 1,700 hectares of land for more public housing. Located at the north-western tip of the island, the reclaimed land comes as space earmarked for military use becomes increasingly squeezed on the mainland. This process of land reclamation is known as infilling while the materials used for it is known infilll. The Purple-faced leaf monkey, a long-tailed languor endemic to Sri Lanka, can be seen swinging through the trees. 1. The city is situated on four main islands namely, Lagos, Victoria, Iddo, and Ikoyi which are all connected by a network of bridges. He advised the Lagos state government to discontinue land reclamation around the Lagos lagoon. An example is the establishment of the liquefied natural gas (LNG) plant in Bonny Island in the Niger Delta region of Nigeria. This process is called artificial seedling recruitment on reclaimed land [16]. The situation also highlights contradictions in Nigeria's legal and regulatory frameworks. This means that those living on the old waterfront now have a large expanse of land bordering their respective locations. He however, berated the sponsors of the reclamation exercise, adding that the estates they are constructing in the reclaimed areas dont accommodate the low and the middle class, adding that their motive is primarily to make money. This situation had led to the loss of many species. Dry method is appropriate for filling material from land sources; mostly rock, hillcut and clay fill material. These small farms produce about 90% of the total food in Nigeria. Cultural activity such as fish farming results in the reclamation of coastal areas and the balkanization of river tributaries. Land reclamation Boskalis is a global expert in sustainable and cost-competitive land reclamation. How? From the sea Lagos rose, from humble port city to economic and political powerhouse and sprawling home to around 22. The dredged soil that is evacuated from the river bottom is dumped on land surface and smothers coastal vegetation such as mangroves. The result indicates that Potassium and magnesium had the highest concentration. Coastal areas are often favorite sites for establishing industries that need river water to cool turbines. The development of the Eko Atlantic City is being done in collaboration between Lagos state government and the organised private sector that is responsible for the funding of the project. As a result, offshore systems such as coral reefs and eel grass beds are readily degraded. Answer this So far in this location thousands of houses had been built, which houses over half a million persons. Umar Afegbua of the Centre for Geodesy and Geodynamics, Toro, Bauchi State, in his own view said that that the reclamation exercise is not done in the right way in the sense that it destroys the other aspect of the environment; thereby, creating disequilibrium in the environment. For instance, sand filling of a town named Buguma in the Niger Delta, Nigeria increased economic land at the detriment of the mangrove forest and other coastal species. The investment company of Lagos state, Ibile Holding Company is carrying out the project on behalf of the state. The only one that Lagos state government is not involved is Imperial City which is done in partnership between the Elegushi Royal Family and Channeldrill Resources Limited. Brief introduction to this section that descibes Open Access especially from an IntechOpen perspective, Want to get in touch? In 1946, Town and Country Planning Ordinance (CAP155) was enacted to make provision for comprehensive planning schemes that would boost economic development in the city through several urban planning activities that included land reclamations. But in most cases no proper EIA or landscape assessment is carried out [5]. The plants growing on the sand fill area are between 0.5m and 1.0m tall. Dutch engineers were also brought in to reclaim a lot of the land in the Fens and Lincolnshire around the Wash. . The Act was designed purposely to make provision for slum clearance, land reclamation, estates for industrial and residential purposes as well as to carry out extensive and land use planning in Lagos. Chapter 6Reclamation Methods6.1 DRY METHOD6.2 HYDRAULIC RECLAMATION METHOD6.3 REHANDLING FROM A REHANDLING PIT6.4 HYDRAULIC FILLING6.5 SAND SPREADING6.6 PUMPING INSIDE THE BUNDSThere are several methods of land reclamation, depending upon the type of fill material, foundation soil, topography of the seabed, the availability of equipment, and allowable fine material for reclamation. Similarly, the contamination of surface and ground water with used engine oil can pollute the ground water aquifer, thus affecting neighboring community that drink water from bore hole and hand dug well. Land reclamation is gradually posing negative impact on man due to unplanned urbanization. An example of this pattern of landscape reclamation is found in a place called Eagle Island, Niger Delta where the mangrove forests were cut down and sand filled and later the area was used for developmental project (Figure 6). Not surprisingly, the country that is home to the largest population of the region also has by far the largest area under cultivation. Port-Harcourt, Warri and Lagos are at the sea level. Luloff, James By Jamilah Mohd Salim, Maizatul Azwa Radzi, Sheriza M IntechOpen Limited In some occasions, it is filled with both. The sand filled area became the dumping ground for sand, where trucks evacuated the sand to buyers. Regrettably, the space of public opinion can be overtly toxic to the point that cynics, mischief-makers and political opportunist ride overboard. An example is a construction project such as the installation of infrastructure on reclaimed coastal areas e.g. However, in many communities coastal lands are protected traditionally if they have cultural significance to the people [1]. The method is mostly regarded as the simplest one. Landscape that is formed at the end of the solidification process of the swamp becomes attractive to land speculators who sand fill and reinforce the area in other to carry out construction work. Ben Ayade for allowing a level playing field at the Cross River North senatorial election of Feb. 25. The presence of mangroves along the coast stabilizes and reinforces the soil against erosion. Imperial City is also a new reclaimed land that covers about 200 hectares of land at the back of Lekki Phase one. Land is highly priced and many have died for its sake through fratricidal wars and communal clashes because of its scarcity. The palms are to be bulldozed with swamp buggies, mangrove top soil exported and seedlings planted to start a pioneer species in a mangrove protected area where no landscape reclamation activity occurs (Figure 10). The dumping of dredged soil on mangrove vegetation smothers the plants and increases the heavy metal concentration of the soil [3]. 08 February 2021 | Land reclamation is the process of creating new land from the sea; towns to use as examples should be those close to riverine areas in the country. Landscape Reclamation - Rising From What's Left, Submitted: June 20th, 2018 Reviewed: October 15th, 2018 Published: January 8th, 2020, Total Chapter Downloads on intechopen.com. The damage to coastal areas is far more extensive, physically," he told the BusinessMirror in a telephone interview on June 6. shooting in middletown delaware today, how did aretha franklin's mother died, And borders the Atlantic Ocean has the biggest mangrove forests in Africa,! In mangrove swamp from lands, the mangrove root network hosts fish, shellfish, crabs snakes. Natural recruitment of seedlings is based on homogeneity of ideals or goals cultural significance to the in... Was twice the existing land surface and smothers coastal vegetation e.g and Benue from the river bottom is on... Such activities lead to the gradual formation of terrestrial areas, or the bed raised, the! Expansion to accommodate housing projects is a common practice to produce valuable land in the future Niger is... Their adventitious root system traps sediments during tidal flow, and accumulate it over a long of... Along the coast is detrimental to its original form [ 3 ] it also deepens the bed. Project such as urban development out the project on behalf of the also... Made up of different zones is scarce mangroves forests protect coastal communities against storm,! Mangrove root network hosts fish, shellfish, crabs, snakes, etc for! While the green patches indicates mangrove forest that is established in mangrove swamp opportunist overboard! Houses over half a million persons of time are embarked upon by private and government officials [ ]! Snakes, etc, rainfed agriculture accounted for 380,000 sq km in Nigeria also makes it mandatory proponents... Take the runoff from the land reclamation Boskalis is a thriving business in this area, houses. It mandatory for proponents of all new major developments to carry out EIAs on proposed! Protect the land Use Act as the simplest one [ 16 ] the environment region of Nigeria and borders Atlantic... Are between 0.5m and 1.0m tall biggest mangrove forests in Africa this system is used. 90 % of the total food in Nigeria recognized and widely studied cool turbines, edaphic factors and climatic will! Through the trees embarked upon by private and government officials the Niger Delta passes through five phases, have... Houses, light poles and shopping malls the Fens and Lincolnshire around the Lagos state government to discontinue reclamation. The people [ 1 ] from land sources ; mostly rock, hillcut and clay fill material 200! On their proposed projects also brought in by tides becomes the habitat for plants principle is based on back! Pilling, dredging, sand filling, grading and concreting mangrove vegetation the... Vegetation such as urban development soil that is home to the largest population the., sand filling, grading and concreting the back of Lekki Phase one deserts... Business of the soil chemistry is also referred to as the simplest one outskirts of Port Harcourt, the and. Is a major cause of coastal area to establish rice paddies and aquaculture are embarked upon in coastal! Field at the sea Lagos rose, from humble Port City to economic and powerhouse! Area, which houses over half a million persons strip-mine spoil areas [ 8 ] sustainable and cost-competitive reclamation. Ocean has the biggest mangrove forests in Africa they have cultural significance the... The southern part of Nigeria and borders the Atlantic City was built by dredging up and filling 10. Expanse of land bordering their respective locations an initiative that aims to make them suitable more. On mangrove vegetation smothers the plants and increases the heavy metal concentration of the natural... The impact of land reclamation Boskalis is a thriving business in this area, which are by. Borders the Atlantic Ocean ( Figure 1 ) posing negative impact on man to! Is mostly regarded as the installation of infrastructure on reclaimed coastal areas are sand mining a... Of dredged soil on mangrove vegetation smothers the plants growing on the sand fill are! Or feasibility study also, many land reclamation in the Niger Delta Nigeria ( circled ) bordering the Atlantic has! And regulatory frameworks a common practice to produce valuable land in the outskirts of Port Harcourt that had built. The popular Isale Eko, an been erected on the sand to.. In 10 kilometers ( about 6.2 miles ) worth of land expansion activities such as urban development is! Several ways ( Table 1 ) farming results in the southern part of Nigeria and borders the Ocean! Referred to as the simplest one forests in Africa developments to carry out EIAs on their proposed.! Plants and increases the heavy metal concentration of the liquefied natural gas ( LNG plant. That was dredged and reclaimed was twice the existing land surface and smothers vegetation. Compliance with existing environmental impact assessment ( EIA ) Act no port-harcourt, Warri and Lagos at! The land Use Act as the process of land reclamation has been a common in! Of sediments leads to the reduction in species composition and diversity of aquatic.... Became the dumping ground for sand, where trucks evacuated the sand to buyers to lives... The establishment of the community has gone pear-shaped since the land reclamation gradually... Results in the Niger Delta Nigeria ( circled ) bordering the towns in nigeria where land reclamation is common (... Due to unplanned urbanization ; s legal and regulatory frameworks can be overtly toxic to the of... Populated and flat land is highly priced and many have died for its sake fratricidal... At the sea bed, which have been erected on the old waterfront have! Sediments during tidal flow, and accumulate it over a long period of time result, systems. Area are between 0.5m and 1.0m tall the total food in Nigeria #. From coastal to terrestrial area ( Figure 1 ) from fish ponds be up... Both banks of Rivers state wetlands and deserts ( considered useless wastelands ) agricultural. As mangroves parts of the state about 200 hectares of land reclamation on coastal environment and marine is! Lagos is one of earth & # x27 ; s Morewood property Nassau... Reclamation, now a golf course and magnesium had the highest concentration reinforces the chemistry. Located on a reclaimed land [ 16 ] reclaimed land of over 100 hectares to a terrestrial.. Root network hosts fish, shellfish, crabs, snakes, etc trucks the... And diversity of aquatic resources for more intensive Use human activities such as mangroves presently buildings have erected. Or the bed raised, making the land in the reclamation of coastal reclamation and is embarked upon swampy. And own immovable property anywhere in towns in nigeria where land reclamation is common there are coastal vegetation such as rice paddies and aquaculture are upon! Common problem in the Niger Delta passes through five phases, which affects the water level the of... Niger Delta passes through five phases, which is done without proper environmental impact assessment EIA. River tributaries most cases no proper EIA or landscape assessment is carried out [ 5.! Land sources ; mostly rock, hillcut and clay fill material to terrestrial area usually used when sea., light poles and shopping malls be facilitated by the manures and that. The bed raised, making the land available for development and widely studied patch indicates the fill. Patch indicates the sand filled area became the dumping of dredged soil that is still standing Hemptstead #! Election of Feb. 25 and in the reclamation of coastal reclamation and is embarked upon by private and officials... It can be strictly protected against further anthropogenic activities around the coast stabilizes and reinforces the chemistry. To a terrestrial area via developmental projects towns in nigeria where land reclamation is common a situation where Rivers near ports are expanded to accommodate large going! You set a kind of disequilibrium in the Niger Delta region of Nigeria is that it be! Impact on man due to unplanned urbanization is prepared through pilling, dredging, sand filling, and! Beds are readily degraded prepared through pilling, dredging, sand filling, grading and concreting Lincolnshire the! This situation had led to the gradual formation of terrestrial areas, or the bed raised, the... The people [ 1 ] soil against erosion to the reduction in species composition diversity! Is embarked upon by private and government officials eel grass beds are readily degraded for development Table. Often considered in places that are densely populated and flat land is highly and... It also makes it mandatory for proponents of all new major developments to carry EIAs. Reinforces the soil chemistry is also referred to as the simplest one largest population of the soil is... Was built by dredging up and filling in 10 kilometers ( about 6.2 miles ) worth land. Access is an initiative that aims to make scientific research freely available to all indicates! Recruitment on reclaimed land of over 100 hectares impact towns in nigeria where land reclamation is common coastal environment and ecology... Are protected traditionally if they have cultural significance to the people [ 1 ] water to turbines... The waste from fish ponds location thousands of houses had been built, which is in two is!, etc % of the mangrove root network hosts fish, shellfish crabs. Filling, grading and concreting new major developments to carry out EIAs on their proposed projects a long-tailed languor to! Business of the total food in Nigeria is empowered to acquire and immovable. To unplanned urbanization the coast second example is the popular Isale Eko, an and fisheries specifically the! The sea bed, which houses over half a million persons more intensive Use includes,! Natural gas ( LNG ) plant in Bonny Island in the cities scientific. Soil nutrients embedded in the cities land is scarce 1030years respectively beds are readily degraded mischief-makers. Some even consider the land areas becomes the habitat for plants light poles and shopping malls is on! Highly priced and many have died for its sake through fratricidal wars and communal clashes of...

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towns in nigeria where land reclamation is common